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A praise poem of Lipit-Ectar (Lipit-Ectar A) -- a composite transliteration
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1 - lugal dug4-ga cag4-ta numun zid-me-en
2 - (d)li-pí-it-ec4-tár dumu (d)en-líl-lá-me-en
3 - ísímú erin-na-gin7 saj mu-íl-la-ta
4 - nitah usu-tuku lirum-ma-me-en
5 - nam-cul-la gal pec-a-me-en
6 - pirij zag dib zag til gaba-ri nu-tuku-me-en
7 - ucumgal ka du8-a gal érín-na-me-en
8 - anzud(mušen) kur-cag4-ga igi jál-me-en
9 - am su-ba saj nu-já-já-me-en
10 - alim igi gùn cen-na-me-en
11 - sun4 za-gìn è-a jír kécé-kécé-dù-me-en
12 - igi sag9 ka sag9 cag4 zal-le-me-en
13 - úlútím huc-huc-a hi-li du8-du8-a-me-en
14 - nundum inim-inim-ma hé-du7-me-en
15 - á íl-la cu-si sag9-sag9-me-en
16 - cul sag9-ga u6 di dùg-ga-me-en
17 - (d)li-pí-it-ec4-tár lugal kalam-ma-me-en
18 - saj gíg-ga sipad zid-bi-me-en
19 - saj-kal kur-kur-ra kalam-ma íl-la-me-en
20 - dijir nam-lú-ùlù nir-jál ùj cár-ra-me-en
21 - ibila kalag-ga nam-lugal-la-me-en
22 - an-ta saj íl-la ki-gub sig10-ga-me-en
23 - icib an-na cu dadag-ga-me-en
24 - an-né aga zid mah saj-já mu-ni-in-ge-en
25 - (d)en-líl-le dumu ki áj-já-ni-me-en
26 - ki-ùr-ra jidru ma-ni-in-cúm
27 - níj ur5 sag9-sag9 (d)nin-líl-lá-me-en
28 - já-jic-cú-a-ka nam dùg mu-un-tar
29 - (d)nin-tur5-re cég1 kèc(kì)-a-ta
30 - munus ul-la zid-dè-ec gùn-a-me-en
31 - igi zid bar-ra (d)nanna-me-en
32 - úrím(kí)-ma zid-dè-ec ma-an-dé
33 - u4-ta-u18-lu cag4-ga-na-me-en
34 - é-cu-me-ca4-ta gal mu-un-da-ri
35 - jéctúg ba9-rá (d)en-ki-kam-me-en
36 - eridug(ki)-ta nam-lugal ma-an-cúm
37 - nitalam ki áj (d)inana-kam-me-en
38 - ki unug(ki)-ga saj an-cè mi-ni-íl
39 - dub-sar a-rá zu (d)nisaba-kam-me-en
40 - cul inim gen6-na (d)utu-me-en
41 - nam-lugal-la hé-du7-bi-me-en
42 - (d)li-pí-it-ec4-tár dumu (d)en-líl-lá-me-en
43 - buru14 mah zìg-ga zi kalam-ma-me-en
44 - engar guru7-ni dub-dub-ba-me-en
45 - sipad tùr-re ì ga mah-me-en
46 - ambar ku6 mucen gal-gal-la-me-en
47 - íd hé-jál-la a zal-le túm-ma-me-en
48 - hur-saj gal giri17-zal nun-na-me-en
49 - á mah cúm-ma (d)en-líl-lá-me-en
50 - (d)li-pí-it-ec4-tár cul ní-tuku-ni-me-en
51 - dijir-re-e-ne saj ús-bi-me-en
52 - é-kur-ra
53 - lugal kadra-cè mác gaba tab-ba-me-en
54 - sun5-sun5-na giri17 cu jál-la-me-en
55 - lugal cùdù-dè gub-ba-me-en
56 - inim sag9-sag9-ge (d)en-líl huj-já-me-en
57 - a-ra-zu-ne (d)nin-líl húl-le-me-en
58 - (d)nuska gub-ba-me-en
59 - ki-ùr-cè cu jál-jál-la-me-en
60 - níj de6-de6 suhuc-e hé-du7-me-en
61 - ul4-ul4-la dùb nu-kúc-ù-me-en
62 - nesaj tùm é-babbar nu-dib-bé-me-en
63 - nibru(ki)-cè hé-jál sar-re-me-en
64 - kèc(kì) icib-bi ba-gub-bé-me-en
65 - úrím(kí)-cè ì saj ga saj-me-en
66 - eridug(ki)-cè
67 - ki unug(ki)-cè nidba gal-gal-la-me-en
68 - é-kur-ta nam-tìl cúm-ma-me-en
69 - zi-cag4-jál iri-ni-cè
70 - (d)li-pí-it-ec4-tár sipad kur-kur-ra-me-en
71 - lugal mè-cè ku-kur du7-du7-me-en
72 - da-da-ra nam-cul-la kécé nu-du8-me-en
73 - jírí-ùr-ra ù-sar ak-me-en
74 - mè-a nim-gin7 jír-jír-re-me-en
75 - suhuc gen6-na érín-na gàr dar-re-me-en
76 - saj-kal pec6-pec6-a-me-en
77 - gúr1úr3gùr21ùr igi tab ugnim-ma-me-en
78 - ur-saj igi zalag-ga kécé gen6-na-me-en
79 - (d)li-pí-it-ec4-tár dumu (d)en-líl-lá-me-en
80 - ummud a sed-dè zi juruc-a-me-en
81 - igi-jál kaskal-la an-dùl á-tah érín-na-me-en
82 - lugal tuc-a-ni barag-ga túm-ma-me-en
83 - cag4 dugud-da inim-cè jál-la-me-en
84 - dím-ma jalga sud a-ra-zu kíj-já-me-en
85 - níj-nam-e nu-ul4-en ejer-bi kíj-kíj-me-en
86 - cag4 sù-rá jéctúg dajal-la-me-en
87 - na4 níj-bùrù-bùrù-dè kalam-ta è-a-me-en
88 - níj-gen6-na ka-ga14 jál-la-me-en
89 - da-rí nu-ha-lam-e-me-en
90 - di-kud ka-ac bar-re-da inim
91 - kur-kur-re á áj-jé6-e gal-zu-me-en
92 - níj-si-sá ki-en-gi ki-uri-a mu-ni-jar su kalam-ma mu-dùg
93 - níj-gen6-na-ju10-uc a-na mu-da-cub
94 - nun (d)li-pí-it-ec4-tár-me-en ùj-e
95 - a-na
96 - kalag-ga-me-en níj-nam pa bí-i-è
97 - (d)li-pí-it-ec4-tár dumu (d)en-líl-lá-me-en
98 - é-gal nam-lugal-la ki-tuc kug dùg-ga-já
99 - nitalam-ju10 kug (d)inana-ke4
100 - gu-za-já suhuc-bi ma-ni-in-ge-en
101 - sù-rá ud ul-lé-a-ac gú-da hu-mu-ni-in-lá
102 - ki-nú níj dùg za-gìn ki cag4 húl-le-da
103 - in-nin9-ra ud ga-mu-un-di-ni-ib-zal-e
104 - (d)li-pí-it-ec4-tár ibila kalag-ga-me-en
105 - lugal níj-si-sá pa è ak-a-me-en
106 - mu-ju10 kur-kur-ra zid-dè-ec hu-mu-un-pàd-dè
107 - (d)li-pí-it-ec4-tár dumu (d)en-líl-lá-me-en
108 - zà-mí-ju10 dùg-ga-àm
1-6 - I am a king treated with respect, good offspring from the womb. I am Lipit-Ectar, the son of Enlil. From the moment I lifted my head like a cedar sapling, I have been a man who possesses strength in athletic pursuits. As a young man I grew very muscular (?). I am a lion in all respects to the extremes (?) , having no equal.
7-16 - I am a gaping dragon, a source of great awe for the soldiers. I am like the Anzud bird, peering about in the heart of the mountains. I am a wild bull whom nobody dare oppose in its anger. I am a bison, sparkling with beautiful eyes, having a lapis-lazuli beard; I am . With my kind eyes and friendly mouth, I lift people's spirits. I have a most impressive figure, lavishly endowed with beauty. I have lips appropriate for all words. As I lift my arms, I have beautiful fingers. I am a very handsome young man, fine to admire.
17-22 - I am Lipit-Ectar, king of the Land. I am the good shepherd of the black-headed. I am the foremost in the foreign countries, and exalted in the Land. I am a human god, the lord of the numerous people. I am the strong heir of kingship. Holding my head high, I am established in my position.
23-32 - I am An's purification priest with purified hands. An placed the great and good crown firmly on my head. Enlil gave the sceptre to me, his beloved son, in the Ki-ur. I am what makes Ninlil happy: she determined a good fate in the Ga-gic-cua. I have been made excellently beautiful by Nintur, the joyful woman, in brick-built Kec. I am one looked on favourably by Nanna: he spoke to me affirmatively in Urim.
33-42 - Uta-ulu imbued me, the man of his heart, with great awesomeness in E-cu-me-ca. I am he on whom Enki has bestowed wisdom: he gave me kingship in Eridug. As the beloved husband of Inana, I lift my head high in the place Unug. I am a proficient scribe of Nisaba. I am a young man whose word Utu confirms. I am the perfection of kingship. I am Lipit-Ectar, Enlil's son.
43-50 - I am he who makes an abundant crop grow, the life of the Land. I am a farmer, piling up his grain piles. I am a shepherd making butter and milk abundant in the cow-pen. I am he who makes the fish and birds grow bigger in the marshes. I am a river of plenty, bringing flowing water. I am he who increases the splendour of the great mountains. I have been given enormous strength by Enlil. I am Lipit-Ectar, his young man who respects him.
51-61 - I am the provider of the gods. I am he who cares unceasingly for the E-kur. I am the king clutching a kid to the breast as a gift. I pray in all humility. I am a king standing in prayer. I am he who speaks friendly words to appease Enlil. I am he whose prayers make Ninlil happy. I am he who serves Nuska indefatigably. I am he who is ever praying (?) at the Ki-ur. Bestowing many things, I am perfect for the foundation city (?) . I am one who always hurries, but whose knees never tire.
62-70 - Bringing first fruits, I do not pass by the E-babbar. I am he who records abundance for Nibru. I serve Kec as its purification priest. I am first-rate butter and first-rate milk for Urim. I am indefatigable with respect to Eridug. I am he who increases the food offerings for the place Unug. I am he to whom life was given in the E-kur. I am he who desires liveliness for his city. I am Lipit-Ectar, the shepherd of all foreign lands.
71-81 - I, the king, am like pounding waves in battle. Girded in manliness, I never loosen my harness. I am he who sharpens his dagger. In battle I flash like lightning. A firm foundation, I repulse the troops. I am a stone, a stone. I am a siege shield, a screen for the army. A clear-eyed warrior, I make the troops firm. I am Lipit-Ectar, Enlil's son. Like a waterskin with cool water, I am life for the young men. Keeping my eyes on the road, I am the protection the aid (?) of the soldiers.
82-92 - I am a king who, as he sits, is fitted for the throne. I am possessed of a weighty persona for speaking. I am one with a far-reaching mind and intellect, examining requests. I do not hurry over anything, but research its background. I have a far-reaching heart and broad wisdom. I am a stone that brings out of the Land. I am one that has truth in his mouth. I am one who never destroys a just person. I am a judge who, in making a decision, weighs his words fairly. I am one who is well-acquainted with giving orders to the foreign lands. I have established justice in Sumer and Akkad, and made the Land feel content.
93-97 - What of my truthful things can be thrown away? I, prince Lipit-Ectar, keep the people on a straight path. As regards my integrity: in what respect have I ever been idle? I am a strong person who has brought distinction to everything. I am Lipit-Ectar, Enlil's son.
98-108 - In my royal palace, my holy and good residence, my spouse holy Inana made firm the foundation of my throne. She will embrace me forever and eternally. I will spend all day for the Mistress in the good lapis-lazuli bedchamber that fills the heart with joy! I am Lipit-Ectar, the powerful heir; I am the king that makes justice prominent. May my name be called on in all the foreign lands! I am Lipit-Ectar, Enlil's son. It is sweet to praise me.
lugal noun king
noun (loving) care
dug4 verb to say
cag4 noun heart
numun noun seed
zid adj right
lí-pí-ít-éc4-tár noun Lipit-Ectar
dumu noun child
én-líl noun Enlil
ísímú noun (off)shoot
erin noun cedar
saj noun head
íl verb to raise
nitah noun male
usu-tuku adj strong
lirum noun clutching
nam-cul noun manliness
noun neck
gal verb to be big
pec verb to be thick
pirij noun lion
zag noun side
dib verb to pass
zag noun side
til verb to complete
gaba-ri noun equal
tuku verb to have
ucumgal noun type of serpent
ka noun mouth
du8 verb to spread
noun fear(someness)
gal verb to be big
érín noun group of people
anzud noun Anzud
kur-cag4 noun centre of mountain
igi noun eye
jál verb to be (located)
am noun wild bull
su noun flesh
saj noun head
jar verb to place
alim noun bison
igi noun eye
gùn verb to be multicoloured
cen verb to be pure
sun4 noun beard
zà-gìn noun lapis lazuli
è verb to go out or in
jír verb to flash
kécé verb to bind
igi noun eye
sag9 verb to be good
ka noun mouth
sag9 verb to be good
cag4 noun heart
zal verb to pass
úlútím noun form
huc verb to be reddish
hi-li noun attractiveness
du8 verb to spread
nundum noun lip
inim noun word
hé-dú7 noun (fitting) ornament
á noun arm
íl verb to raise
cu-si noun finger
sag9 verb to be good
cul noun young man
sag9 verb to be good
u6 noun wonder
dug4 verb to say
dùg verb to be good
lí-pí-ít-éc4-tár noun Lipit-Ectar
lugal noun king
kalam noun the Land
saj noun head
gíg verb to be black
sipad noun shepherd
zid adj right
saj-kal adj foremost
kur noun (mountain) land
kalam noun the Land
íl verb to raise
dijir noun deity
nám-lú-úlú3nàm-lù2-ùlù noun humanity
nír-jál adj authoritative
ùj noun people
cár verb to be numerous
ibila noun heir
kalag verb to be strong
nam-lugal noun kingship
an noun heaven
saj noun head
íl verb to raise
ki-gub noun location
sig10 verb to place
icib noun type of priest
an noun heaven
cu noun hand
dadag verb to be bright
an noun An
aga noun crown
zid adj right
mah verb to be majestic
saj noun head
gen6 verb to be firm
én-líl noun Enlil
dumu noun child
ki noun place
áj verb to measure
kì-ùr noun Ki-ur
jidru noun sceptre
cúm verb to give
níj noun thing
ur5 noun liver
sag9 verb to be good
nín-líl noun Ninlil
já-jíc-cú-á noun Ga-gic-cua
nam noun destiny
dùg verb to be good
tar verb to cut
nin-tur5 noun Nintur
cég1 noun brick(work)
kèc noun Kec
munus noun woman
ul verb to swell (with joy)
zid adj right
gùn verb to be multicoloured
igi noun eye
zid adj right
bar verb to set aside
nanna noun Nanna
úrím noun Urim
noun voice
zid adj right
verb to pour
u4-ta-u18-lu noun Uta-ulu
noun person
cag4 noun heart
é-cú-mé-cá4 noun E-cu-me-ca
noun fear(someness)
gal verb to be big
ri verb to direct
jéctúg noun ear
bad verb to open
en-ki noun Enki
eridug noun Eridug
nam-lugal noun kingship
cúm verb to give
nitalam noun spouse
ki noun place
áj verb to measure
inana noun Inana
ki noun place
unug noun Unug
saj noun head
an noun heaven
íl verb to raise
dub-sar noun scribe
á-rá noun way
zu verb to know
nisaba noun Nisaba
cul noun young man
inim noun word
gen6 verb to be firm
utu noun Utu
nam-lugal noun kingship
hé-dú7 noun (fitting) ornament
lí-pí-ít-éc4-tár noun Lipit-Ectar
dumu noun child
én-líl noun Enlil
buru14 noun harvest (time)
mah verb to be majestic
zìg verb to rise
zi noun life (breath)
kalam noun the Land
engar noun farmer
guru7 noun (grain) heap
dub verb to heap up
sipad noun shepherd
tùr noun animal stall
ì noun fatty substance
ga noun milk
mah verb to be majestic
ambar noun marsh
ku6 noun fish
mucen noun bird
gal verb to be big
íd noun watercourse
hé-jál noun plenty
a noun water
zal verb to pass
de6 verb to carry
hur-saj noun mountain (range)
gal verb to be big
giri17-zal noun joy
nun noun prince
á noun arm
mah verb to be majestic
cúm verb to give
én-líl noun Enlil
lí-pí-ít-éc4-tár noun Lipit-Ectar
cul noun young man
ní-túkú adj reverent
dijir noun deity
saj noun head
ús verb to be adjacent
é-kúr noun E-kur
lugal noun king
kadra noun greeting gift
mác noun (kid) goat
gaba noun chest
tab verb to be parallel
sun5 verb to be humble
giri17 noun nose
cu noun hand
jál verb to be (located)
lugal noun king
cùdù noun prayer
gub verb to stand
inim noun word
sag9 verb to be good
én-líl noun Enlil
huj verb to hire
a-ra-zu noun supplication
nín-líl noun Ninlil
húl verb to be happy
nuska noun Nuska
gub verb to stand
kì-ùr noun Ki-ur
cu noun hand
jál verb to be (located)
níj noun thing
de6 verb to carry
suhuc noun foundation
hé-dú7 noun (fitting) ornament
ul4 verb to hasten
dùb noun knee
kúc verb to be tired
nesaj noun (first-fruit) offering
de6 verb to carry
é-bábbár noun E-babbar
dib verb to pass
nibru noun Nibru
hé-jál noun plenty
sar verb to write
kèc noun Kec
icib noun type of priest
gub verb to stand
úrím noun Urim
ì noun fatty substance
saj noun head
ga noun milk
saj noun head
eridug noun Eridug
ki noun place
unug noun Unug
nidba noun (food) offering
gal verb to be big
é-kúr noun E-kur
nàm-tìl noun life
cúm verb to give
zí-cág4-jál adj life-giving
iri noun town
lí-pí-ít-éc4-tár noun Lipit-Ectar
sipad noun shepherd
kur noun (mountain) land
lugal noun king
noun battle
kur-ku noun flow
du7 verb to push
da-da-ra verb to put on
nam-cul noun manliness
noun tooth
kécé verb to bind
du8 verb to spread
jírí-úr3-rájìrì2-ùr-rà noun type of knife
ù-sàr verb to sharpen
ak verb to do
noun battle
nim noun lightning
jír verb to flash
suhuc noun foundation
gen6 verb to be firm
érín noun group of people
gàr noun pommel
dar verb to split
saj-kal noun type of stone
pec6-pec6-a noun type of stone
gúr1 noun shield
igi noun eye
tab verb to be parallel
ugnim noun troops
ur-saj noun hero
igi noun eye
zalag verb to be shining
noun tooth
kécé verb to bind
gen6 verb to be firm
lí-pí-ít-éc4-tár noun Lipit-Ectar
dumu noun child
én-líl noun Enlil
ummud noun waterskin
a noun water
sed4 verb to be cold
zi noun life (breath)
juruc noun young man
ígí-jál adj wise
kaskal noun (high)way
àn-dùl noun (protective) shade
á-táh noun helper
érín noun group of people
lugal noun king
tuc verb to sit
barag noun dais
túm verb to be suitable
cag4 noun heart
dugud verb to be heavy
inim noun word
jál verb to be (located)
dím-má noun reasoning
jalga noun reason
sud verb to be distant
a-ra-zu noun supplication
kíj verb to seek
níj-nám pronoun anything
ul4 verb to hasten
ejer noun back
kíj verb to seek
cag4 noun heart
sud verb to be distant
jéctúg noun ear
dajal verb to be wide
na4 noun stone
níj-búrú3-búrú3-dé3nìj2-bùrù-bùrù-dè noun type of plant
kalam noun the Land
è verb to go out or in
níj-gén6-ná noun constancy
ka noun mouth
jál verb to be (located)
dá-rí adj eternal
ha-lam verb to be lost
di-kud noun judge
ka-ac noun decision
bar verb to set aside
inim noun word
kur noun (mountain) land
á noun arm
dug4 verb to say
gal-zu adj skilful
níj-sí-sá noun justice
ki-en-gi noun Sumer
ki-uri noun Akkad
jar verb to place
su noun flesh
kalam noun the Land
dùg verb to be good
níj-gén6-ná noun constancy
a-na pronoun what
cub verb to fall
nun noun prince
lí-pí-ít-éc4-tár noun Lipit-Ectar
ùj noun people
a-na pronoun what
kalag verb to be strong
níj-nám pronoun anything
pa noun branch
è verb to go out or in
lí-pí-ít-éc4-tár noun Lipit-Ectar
dumu noun child
én-líl noun Enlil
é-gál noun palace
nam-lugal noun kingship
ki-tuc noun dwelling place
kug adj shining
dùg verb to be good
nitalam noun spouse
kug adj shining
inana noun Inana
gu-za noun chair
suhuc noun foundation
gen6 verb to be firm
sud verb to be distant
ud noun day(light)
úl-lé-á noun distant time
noun neck
verb to hang
kí-nú noun sleeping quarter
níj noun thing
dùg verb to be good
zà-gìn noun lapis lazuli
ki noun place
cag4 noun heart
húl verb to be happy
in-nin noun mistress
ud noun day(light)
zal verb to pass
lí-pí-ít-éc4-tár noun Lipit-Ectar
ibila noun heir
kalag verb to be strong
lugal noun king
níj-sí-sá noun justice
pa noun branch
è verb to go out or in
ak verb to do
mu noun name
kur noun (mountain) land
zid adj right
pàd verb to find
lí-pí-ít-éc4-tár noun Lipit-Ectar
dumu noun child
én-líl noun Enlil
zá3-mízà-mì2 noun praise
dùg verb to be good