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Letter from Culgi to Aradgu about Apillaca -- a composite transliteration
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1 - árád-ju10-ra ù-na-a-dug4
2 - (d)cul-gi lugal-zu na-ab-bé-a
3 - in-ci-gi4-in-na-zu cul-a-zu in-nu-ù
4 - cu-zu-ta-àm á áj-já cu la-ba-ra-ab-tèj-jé6-e la-ba-ra-ab-bal
5 - a-na-ac-àm níj a-na an-ga-àm bí-in-ak-a-ni ur5 ì-me-a nu-e-zu
6 - jé6-e níj jé6-e-gin7-nam ma-da gen6-né-dè
7 - ùj téc-a sig10-ge5-dè suhuc ma-da ge-en-gen6-né-dè
8 - iri(ki) ma-da ud tèj-jé6-dè-en-na-zu umuc-bi zu-zu-a
9 - gal-gal-bé-ne inim-bi zu-a
10 - za-pa-áj-ju10 kur-kur-ra hé-ri kur-kur hé-eb-si kur-kur-ra hé-en-dul
11 - á kalag-ga á nam-ur-saj-já-ju10 kur-kur-ra hé-en-cub-cub
12 - u18-lu-ju10 kalam-ma hé-eb-dul hé-en-ri
13 - PA-PA edin-na lib4-lib4 a-cag4-ga
14 - en-na a-pi-il-la-ca gal-zu unken-na-ju10 an-ne-en
15 - igi-zu è-ni-ib igi-zu hé-en-ci-kur9 hé-en-ci-UD
16 - á-cè mu-e-da-a-áj
17 - a-na-ac-àm já-a-gin7-nam nu-un-ak
18 - tukum-bi gal-zu unken-na-ju10 já-a-gin7-nam nu-ub-gur4-re
19 - gu-za barag cutur-e ri-a nu-ub-tuc
20 - jìrì-gub kug-sig17-ka jìrì-ni nu-ub-jar
21 - énsí nam-énsí-ta
22 - lú-járzá járzá-ta nam-járzá-ta lú-járzá-ta
23 - ní-te-ní-te-a li-bí-in-jar ù nu-ub-ta-gub-bu
24 - nu-un-gaz igi nu-un-hul
25 - igi bar-ra-ka-ni lú-al li-bí-dirig
26 - a-na-gin7-nam ma-da íb-gen6-né
27 - tukum-bi ki um-mu-e-a-áj
28 - cag4-zu cag4 kécé ba-ra-na-já-já
29 - ì-gur4-re-en aga-ús-zu nu-e-zu aga-ús saj ús-ni ì-zu
30 - nam-lú-u18-lu-bi nam-lú-u18-lu-ni ù nam-ur-saj-ni nam-ur-saj-já-ju10 igi-zu bí-in-zu
31 - tukum-bi ama-a-tud-ju10 za-e-me-en me-en-zé-en
32 - igi (MIN)-na-zu-ne-ne im sar-ra hé-em-ta-dé-dé-e
33 - téc-a sig10-ge5-NE-en-zé-en
34 - suhuc ma-da gen6-né-eb-zé-en
35 - a-ma-ru-kam
1-2 - Say to Aradgu: this is what Culgi, your lord, says:
3-5 - The man to whom I have sent you is not your subordinate -- he will not accept change orders from your hand! How can you ignore what he himself has done too, and that it is indeed so?
6-15 - As I myself ordered, you were to secure the provinces, and to correctly guide the people and make them obedient secure the foundations of the provinces . When you approach the cities of the provinces, inform yourself precisely of their intentions, and inform yourself of the words of their dignitaries. Let my roar be emitted over all the lands fill all the lands cover all the lands . Let my powerful arm, my heroic arm, fall upon all the lands. Let my storm cover be released over the Land. Make the disappear into the desert, and the robbers into the fields! Until you reach Apillaca, my 'Sage of the Assembly', ! Let .
16-17 - That was how I had instructed you. Why have you not acted as I ordered you?
18-26 - If I do not make my 'Sage of the Assembly' feel just as important as I am, if he does not sit on a throne on a dais, furnished with a high-quality cloth cover (?), if his feet do not rest on a golden footstool, if he is not allowed by his own highest authority both to appoint and then to remove a governor from his function as governor, an official from his charge from his function as official from an official , if he does not kill or blind anyone, if he does not elevate his favourite over others -- how else can he secure the provinces?
27-28 - If you truly love me, you will not bear him a grudge!
29-30 - You are important, but you do not even know your own soldiers and you even know the soldiers that are at Apillaca's disposal . Your eyes have learnt something about these men Apillaca's men , and about Apillaca's heroism my heroism .
31-35 - If you, Aradgu, are indeed my servant you, Aradgu and Apillaca, are indeed my servants , you should both pay attention (?) to my written communications. Come to an understanding, you two! Secure the foundations of the provinces! It is urgent!
arad-ju10 noun Aradgu
dug4 verb to say
cul-gi noun Culgi
lugal noun king
dug4 verb to say
noun person
gi4 verb to return
noun person
cul noun young man
me verb to be
cu noun hand
á noun arm
áj verb to measure
cu noun hand
te verb to approach
bal verb to turn over
a-na-ac adv why
níj noun thing
a-na pronoun what(ever)
àn-gà-àm adv likewise
ak verb to do
ur5 pronoun that
me verb to be
zu verb to know
jé6 pronoun I
níj noun thing
jé6 pronoun I
ma-da noun land
gen6 verb to be firm
ùj noun people
noun voice
téc noun unity
sig10 verb to place
suhuc noun foundation
ma-da noun land
gen6 verb to be firm
iri noun town
ma-da noun land
ud noun day(light)
te verb to approach
umuc noun (fore)thought
zu verb to know
noun person
gal verb to be big
inim noun word
zu verb to know
zá-pá-áj noun noise
kur noun (mountain) land
ri verb to direct
kur noun (mountain) land
si verb to fill
kur noun (mountain) land
dul verb to cover (together)
á noun arm
kalag verb to be strong
á noun arm
nam-ur-saj noun heroism
kur noun (mountain) land
cub verb to fall
ùlù noun south wind (storm)
kalam noun the Land
dul verb to cover (together)
ri verb to direct
PAPA
edin noun open country
lib4-lib4 noun plunderer
a-cag4 noun field
en-na conj as long as
a-pi-il-la-ca noun Apillaca
gal-zu adj skilful
unken noun assembly
verb to equal
dug4 verb to say
igi noun eye
è verb to go out or in
igi noun eye
kur9 verb to enter
UD verb UD
á noun arm
áj verb to measure
a-na-ac adv why
jé6 pronoun I
ak verb to do
tukum-bi conj if
gal-zu adj skilful
unken noun assembly
jé6 pronoun I
gur4 verb to be thick
gu-za noun chair
barag noun dais
cutur noun type of garment
ri verb to direct
tuc verb to sit
jìrì-gùb noun footrest
kug-sig17 noun gold
jìrì noun foot
jar verb to place
énsí noun (city) ruler
nám-énsí noun rulership
lú-járzá noun type of official
jarza noun rite
nám-járzá noun ritual function
lú-járzá noun type of official
ní-té-á-ní pronoun himself, herself
jar verb to place
ù conj and
gub verb to stand
noun person
gaz verb to strike (dead)
igi noun eye
hul verb to be bad
noun person
igi noun eye
bar verb to set aside
noun person
dirig verb to be superior
a-na-gin7 adv how
ma-da noun land
gen6 verb to be firm
tukum-bi conj if
ki noun place
áj verb to measure
cag4 noun heart
cag4 noun heart
noun tooth
kécé verb to bind
jar verb to place
gur4 verb to be thick
ágá-ús noun type of soldier
zu verb to know
ágá-ús noun type of soldier
saj noun head
ús verb to be adjacent
zu verb to know
nám-lú-úlú3nàm-lù2-ùlù noun humanity
nám-lú-úlú3nàm-lù2-ùlù noun humanity
ù conj and
nam-ur-saj noun heroism
nam-ur-saj noun heroism
igi noun eye
zu verb to know
tukum-bi conj if
ama-a-tud noun house-born slave
za pronoun you (sg.)
mé-én-zé-én pronoun you (pl.)
igi noun eye
numeral 2
im noun clay
sar verb to write
noun voice
verb to pour
noun voice
téc noun unity
sig10 verb to place
suhuc noun foundation
ma-da noun land
gen6 verb to be firm
a-ma-ru noun flood