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Letter from Puzur-Culgi to Culgi about the advance of the enemy -- a composite transliteration
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1 - lugal-ju10-ra ù-na-a-dug4
2 - puzur4-(d)cul-gi puzur4-(d)marduk puzur4-(d)nu-muc-da cagina bàd igi-hur-saj-já
3 - arad-zu na-ab-bé-a
4 - lugal-ju10 kug-sig17 kug-babbar kug-sig17 za-gìn kug-babbar kug-sig17 dijir-re-e-ne dijir gal-gal in-ne-dím-dím-ma
5 - zi-ni-cè-àm in-nu-ù
6 - lugal-ju10 zi silim-ma ugnim ù kalam-ma-ni-cè
7 - bàd gal igi-hur-saj-já mu lú-kúr hul-jál-cè
8 - ùj kalam-ma-ni-cè mu-un-dù
9 - ì-ne-ec ugnim lú-kúr-ra im-ma-an-zìg
10 - 1-àm X-ni-àm igi-já sah6-bi i-im-túm-ma dab5-dab5-bé
11 - inim ma-an-dug4-ma igi-cè ib-DU -jen-na-ab ba-jen
12 - jickim lú-kúr-ra jé6-e ì-zu
13 - lú-kúr mè-cè usu-ni im-ma-til usu-ju10 ì-tur
14 - bàd nu-mu-un-da-kal-la-ge en-nu nu-mu-da-ak-e iri en-nu nu-un-da-já-já
15 - nam cu-(d)nu-muc-da cu-(d)marduk puzur4-(d)nu-muc-da énsí JIR-lum-tur-ra(ki)
16 - 5 nindan hé-ni-dar-dar
17 - nam lugal-me-lem4 cabra ceg5-ceg5 NI.CIM.X(ki)
18 - 40 5 0 45 nindan GAM ugu-ba nu-ub-jar
19 - nam KA-kug-ga-ni énsí ma-da MURUB4(ki)
20 - 45 nindan gaba dab5-ba-bi ba-gul-gul
21 - nam ta-ki-il-ì-lí-cu gú-gal énsí áb-gal ù me-(d)en-líl-lá
22 - 50 nindan saj ba-sud4 murub4-ba im-da-an-ri
23 - ud lú-kúr im-durunx(KU.KU)-na-a ugu-bi-cè nu-ub-jar nu-ub-dug4 ù-nu-ub-zu
24 - lú-kúr ì-durun-na-a usu-ju10 im-til lú-kúr mè-cè á-a-ni im-til
24A - -kal-la-ge -da-ak-e
25 - ugnim-bi cag4 hur-saj-já-ka ì-tuc
26 - tukum-bi lugal-já an-na-kam
27 - 700 érín kíj ak-ne dusu-a ma-ab-íl-e ul4-la-bi hu-mu-ci-in-gi4-gi4 KIJ-KIJ-bi X hé-em-súg-ge-ec
28 - 70 aga-ús cimacki RI íb-SU-a LU.DA JIC nu-um-KU-a LU. X ib-til íb-
29 - ul4-la-bi hu-mu-ci-in-gi4-gi4 ugu-ju10-cè hé-em-súb-bé-ec
30 - dím-ma-bi in-dab5 ki-tuc-bi ga-ba-ni-kúr dím-ma-ni in-dab5 ki-tuc-bi in-kúr dím-ma-ju10 íb-dab5 ki-tuc-bi ga-ba-ni-kúr
31 - hé-zu ji6-ta ud ul-lé-a-ac nam-tag-ni dugud
32 - arad (d)cul-gi lugal-já gen6-na-me-en
32A - -a KA-ju10 níj cub-bu-bi in-nu-ù
33 - nam-ba-da-ug5-en
34 - lugal-ju10 hé-en-zu a-ma-ru-kam
1-3 - Say to my lord: this is what Puzur- Puzur- Puzur- , the commander of the fortress Igi-hursaga, your servant, says:
4-8 - All the gold and silver gold and lapis lazuli silver and gold that my lord has been fashioning for the great gods -- is it not for his own life? For the life the well-being of the troops and his land, my king has built the great fortress Igi-hursaga for the people of his land, because of the wicked enemy.
9-11 - And now the enemy troops have risen up. One man who had fled from me has been brought back. Having been caught, he has given me evidence of this, and went ahead ' go!', and I (?) went .
12-14 - I am also well-informed about the oracular signs concerning the enemy: the enemy has replenished his strength for battle. However, my strength is limited. I cannot strengthen the fortress further or guard it guard the cities (?) against him.
15-22 - As for the sector (?) of Cu- Cu- Puzur- , the ruler of Girilumtura: five lengths of it are cut off. As for the sector (?) of Lugal-melem, the manager of the Cegceg watercourse city of : 40 25 30 45 (?) lengths of on top of it are no longer fixed. As for the sector (?) of Ka-kugani, the ruler of the territory of Murub: 45 lengths were destroyed when the opposite side was captured. As for the sector (?) of Tkil-ilicu, the canal inspector ruler of the Ab-gal and Me- watercourses: 50 lengths of the edge have been removed, and in the middle of it they collapsed.
23-25 - Moreover it is not established stated known when the enemy will pitch camp. Once the enemy is camped I will replenish my powers The enemy will replenish his strength for battle . I will fortify and . His troops are camped among the hills.
26-29 - If my lord agrees, may he send to me speedily , let there be available 7,200 soldiers as workmen who will carry baskets for me. May he send to me speedily May there come, at my disposal, 70 Cimackian attendants .
30-31 - The enemy has devised their plans concerning this: 'I will resettle them' The enemy has devised his plans and has resettled the people Plans concerning me have been devised: 'I will resettle them' . May it be known that, by night or by day the enemy's sins are forever grave.
32-34 - I am the loyal servant of my lord Culgi. which is not negligent. Let this not be the death of me! May my lord know! It is urgent!
lugal noun king
dug4 verb to say
puzur4-cul-gi noun Puzur-Culgi
puzur4-marduk noun Puzur-Marduk
puzur4-nu-muc-da noun Puzur-Numucda
cagina noun general
bàd noun wall
ígí-húr-sáj-já noun Igi-hursaga
arad noun slave
dug4 verb to say
lugal noun king
kug-sig17 noun gold
kug-babbar noun silver
kug-sig17 noun gold
zà-gìn noun lapis lazuli
kug-babbar noun silver
kug-sig17 noun gold
dijir noun deity
dijir noun deity
gal verb to be big
dím verb to create
zi noun life (breath)
me verb to be
lugal noun king
zi noun life (breath)
silim verb to be healthy
ugnim noun troops
ù conj and
kalam noun the Land
bàd noun wall
gal verb to be big
ígí-húr-sáj-já noun Igi-hursaga
mu noun name
lú-kúr-rá noun stranger
húl-jál adj evil
ùj noun people
kalam noun the Land
verb to erect
í3-né-écì-nè-èc2 adv now
ugnim noun troops
lú-kúr-rá noun stranger
zìg verb to rise
1 numeral 1
XX
noun person
igi noun eye
sah6 verb to withdraw
de6 verb to carry
dab5 verb to seize
inim noun word
dug4 verb to say
igi noun eye
DU verb DU
jen verb to go
jen verb to go
jickim noun sign
lú-kúr-rá noun stranger
jé6 pronoun I
zu verb to know
lú-kúr-rá noun stranger
noun battle
usu noun strength
til verb to complete
usu noun strength
tur verb to be small
bàd noun wall
kalag verb to be strong
èn-nù-ùj noun guard
ak verb to do
iri noun town
èn-nù-ùj noun guard
jar verb to place
nam noun destiny
cu-nu-muc-da noun Cu-Numucda
cu-marduk noun Cu-Marduk
puzur4-nu-muc-da noun Puzur-Numucda
énsí noun (city) ruler
JIR-lúm-túr-rá noun GIR-lumtura
5 numeral 5
nindan noun length measure
dar verb to split
nam noun destiny
lugal-me-lem4 noun Lugal-melem
cabra noun type of administrator
ceg5-ceg5 noun Cegceg
NI.CIM.X noun NI.CIM.X
40 numeral 40
5 numeral 25
0 numeral 30
45 numeral 45
nindan noun length measure
GAMGAM
ugu noun skull
jar verb to place
nam noun destiny
KA-kug-ga-ni noun KA-kugani
énsí noun (city) ruler
ma-da noun land
MURUB4 noun MURUB
45 numeral 45
nindan noun length measure
gaba noun chest
dab5 verb to seize
gul verb to destroy
nam noun destiny
tá-kí-íl-í3-lí-cútà-kì-ìl-ì-lì2-cù noun Takil-ilicu
kú3-jálkù-jàl2 noun canal inspector
énsí noun (city) ruler
áb-gál noun Ab-gal
ù conj and
mé-én-líl-lá noun Me-Enlila
50 numeral 50
nindan noun length measure
saj noun head
sud verb to be distant
murub4 noun middle
ri verb to direct
ud noun day(light)
lú-kúr-rá noun stranger
tuc verb to sit
ugu noun skull
jar verb to place
dug4 verb to say
zu verb to know
lú-kúr-rá noun stranger
tuc verb to sit
usu noun strength
til verb to complete
lú-kúr-rá noun stranger
noun battle
á noun arm
til verb to complete
kalag verb to be strong
ak verb to do
ugnim noun troops
cag4 noun heart
hur-saj noun mountain (range)
tuc verb to sit
tukum-bi conj if
lugal noun king
an-na noun approval
700 numeral 7200
érín noun group of people
noun person
kíj noun work
ak verb to do
dusu noun earth-carrying basket
íl verb to raise
ul4 verb to hasten
gi4 verb to return
KIJKIG
XX
gub verb to stand
70 numeral 70
ágá-ús noun type of soldier
cimacki noun Cimacki
RIRI
SU verb SU
LU.DA noun LU.DA
JICGIC
KU verb KU
LU. noun LU.
XX
til verb to complete
ul4 verb to hasten
gi4 verb to return
ugu noun skull
jen verb to go
dím-má noun reasoning
dab5 verb to seize
ki-tuc noun dwelling place
kúr verb to be different
dím-má noun reasoning
dab5 verb to seize
ki-tuc noun dwelling place
kúr verb to be different
dím-má noun reasoning
dab5 verb to seize
ki-tuc noun dwelling place
kúr verb to be different
zu verb to know
ji6 noun night
ud noun day(light)
úl-lé-á noun distant time
nam-tag noun sin
dugud verb to be heavy
arad noun slave
cul-gi noun Culgi
lugal noun king
gen6 verb to be firm
KAKA
níj noun thing
noun neck
cub verb to fall
me verb to be
úc verb to die
lugal noun king
zu verb to know
a-ma-ru noun flood