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Letter from Carrum-bni to Cu-Suen about keeping the Martu at bay -- a composite transliteration
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1 - (d)cu-(d)suen lugal-ju10-ra ù-na-a-dug4
2 - car-ru-um-ba-ni gal-zu unken-na arad-zu na-ab-bé-a
3 - bàd gal mu-ri-iq-tidnim-e dím-me-dè kíj-gi4-a-ac bí-gi4
4 - igi-zu mu-e-jar-ma igi-ni ma-an-jar-ma
5 - mar-tu ma-da-ac mu-un-cub-cub-bu-uc
6 - bàd dù-ù-dè jìrì-bi ku5-ru-dè
7 - idigna buranuna-bi-da
8 - gú-jìrì-bi a-cag4-e nam-ba-e-cú-cú á-cè kíj-cè mu-e-da-áj
9 - zi-zi-da-ju10-ne
10 - áb-gal-ta en-na ma-da zi-mu-dar(ki)-ra-cè
11 - -bi ì-zìg-NE
12 - bàd-bi 6 danna-àm dím-e-da-ju10-ne
13 - dal-ba-na hur-saj (MIN)-a-bi-ka di-da-ju10-ne
14 - dím-me-ju10-cè mar-tu hur-saj-ga-ka íb-tuc-a jéctúg mu-ci-in-ak
15 - si-mu-ur4(ki) nam-tab-ba-ni-cè im-ma-da-jen
16 - dal-ba-na hur-saj ebih(ki)-ke4 tukul sàg-ge-dè im-ma-ci-jen
17 - ù jé6-e érín dusu ì-íl-íl-ec-àm igi nu-um-mi-du8
18 - tukul sàg-ge-dè X-ri-ni-cè ba-jen-na
19 - tukum-bi lugal-já an-na-kam
20 - kíj ak-ne ha-ma-ab-tah-e á ha-ma-já-já
21 - gùn-a ma-da nu-ub-da-dug4-ga dug4-en-dè-en
22 - ma-da MURUB4(ki)-cè lú-kíj-gi4-a mu-ni-gi4
23 - ma-da dím-ma-bi ba-da-kúr
24 - bàd dù-ù-dè nu-cub-bé-en ì-dù-en ù tukul ì-sàg-ge-en
25 - gal-zu unken-na im-ri-a gu-la-àm hé-em-ma-da-ri
26 - dím-ma ma-da nu-ub-da-kúr-ra na de5 mu-un-e
27 - ud lú-kíj-gi4-a-ju10 igi-zu-cè mu-e-ci-gi4-a-ju10
28 - ejer-ra-ni-ta lú-(d)nanna lú-(d)en-ki énsí ma-da zi-mu-dar-ra(ki)-cè
29 - lú-kíj-gi4-a mu-ni-gi4
30 - 700 érín mu-e-ci-in-gi4
31 - dusu íb-si tukul sàg-ge bí-ib-tur
32 - tukum-bi lugal-ju10 érín kíj ak-dè du8-ù-bi ab-bé
33 - ù-cub tukul ga-an-da-sàg
34 - gal-gal ma-da-za in-ne-ci-in-gi4
35 - igi-ne-ne ma-an-jar-re-ec-ma
36 - me-en-dè iri-iri en-nu-ùj nu-mu-da-ak-en-dè-en
37 - a-na-gin7-nam ugnim a-ra-ab-cúm-mu
38 - lú-kíj-gi4-a-ju10 mu-na-ni-in-gi4-ec
39 - ud lugal-ju10 á mu-e-da-áj-ta
40 - ud ten ji6-ba kíj im-mi-ib-gi4-gi4-in ù tukul ì-sàg-ge-en
41 - mu inim lugal-já-ke4 ì-gub-bé-en tukul íb-lah4-lah4-e
42 - usu nu-um-jar tukul-ta nu-um-me-ge-en ud kur-kur hé-en-dul
43 - lugal-ju10 hé-en-zu
1-2 - Say to Cu-, my lord: this is what Carrum-bni, the 'Sage of the Assembly', your servant, says:
3-8 - You sent me a message ordering me to work on the construction of the great fortification Murq-Tidnim. You presented yourself before me A messenger presented himself before me , announcing: 'The Martu have invaded the land.' You instructed me You have imposed on me as a task (?) to build the fortification, so as to cut off their route; also, that no breaches of the Tigris or the Euphrates should cover the fields with water.
9-11 - When I was setting out, their from the bank of the Ab-gal watercourse to the province of Zimudar.
12-16 - When I was constructing this fortification to the length of 26 , and had reached the area between the two mountain ranges, I was informed of the Martu camping within the mountain ranges because (?) of my building work. Simurrum had come to their assistance. So I set off to the area between the mountain ranges of Ebih in order to engage in military action.
17-18 - But as far as I can say, I have not seen (?) troops carrying baskets. In order to engage in military action, I went (?) to their .
19-21 - If my lord agrees, may he provide me with additional workmen and set the wages (?) for me. did not succeed tribute of the provinces (?).
22-26 - I sent a messenger to the province of Murub: the attitude (?) of the province has altered. I will not neglect to build the fortification -- in fact I am building and engaging in military action at the same time. After all, as 'Sage of the Assembly' I descend (?) from a great lineage! I have been advised that the attitude (?) of the province has not altered.
27-30 - At the time I sent my messenger to you, I sent another messenger, after him, to Lu- Lu- , the ruler of the province of Zimudar. He has sent you 7200 workers.
31-33 - Basket men are available; however, men fit to engage in military action are limited. If my lord should arrange the dismissal of the workers ready to work, let me pursue military action together with them, when I have removed (?) them.
34-38 - The dignitaries of your provinces are sending a man to them. They have presented themselves before me, announcing: 'As far as we are concerned, we are unable to guard all the cities. But how exactly will any troops be given to you?' My messenger has been sent to them (?).
39-43 - Once my lord has given me instructions, I will repeatedly return to (?) work at nightfall and at midnight, as well as engaging in military action. I stand at the disposal of the fame and word of my lord, and so I (?) will bring weapons to bear. No strength has yet been displayed (?), nor any firmness shown (?) by means of weapons. Let the storm cover (?) all the lands! May my lord know!
cu-suen noun Cu-Suen
lugal noun king
dug4 verb to say
car-ru-um-ba-ni noun Carrum-bni
gal-zu adj skilful
unken noun assembly
arad noun slave
dug4 verb to say
bàd noun wall
gal verb to be big
mu-ri-iq-tidnim noun Murq-Tidnim
dím verb to create
kíj-gí4-á noun messenger
gi4 verb to return
igi noun eye
jar verb to place
igi noun eye
jar verb to place
mar-tu noun Martu
ma-da noun land
cub verb to fall
bàd noun wall
verb to erect
jìrì noun foot
kud verb to cut
idigna noun Tigris
buranuna noun Euphrates
gú-jírí3gù2-jìrì noun breach
a-cag4 noun field
verb to cover
á noun arm
kíj noun work
áj verb to measure
zìg verb to rise
noun neck
áb-gál noun Ab-gal
en-na noun extent
ma-da noun land
zi-mu-dar noun Zimudar
zìg verb to rise
bàd noun wall
6 numeral 26
danna noun length measure
dím verb to create
dal-ba-na noun intermediate area
hur-saj noun mountain (range)
numeral 2
verb to equal
dug4 verb to say
dím verb to create
mar-tu noun Martu
hur-saj noun mountain (range)
tuc verb to sit
jéctúg noun ear
ak verb to do
si-mu-ur-ru-um noun Simurrum
nam-tab noun partnership
jen verb to go
dal-ba-na noun intermediate area
hur-saj noun mountain (range)
ebih noun Ebih
tukul noun weapon
sàg verb to beat
jen verb to go
ù conj and
jé6 pronoun I
érín noun group of people
dusu noun earth-carrying basket
íl verb to raise
igi noun eye
du8 verb to spread
tukul noun weapon
sàg verb to beat
XX
jen verb to go
tukum-bi conj if
lugal noun king
an-na noun approval
noun person
kíj noun work
ak verb to do
tah verb to add
á noun arm
jar verb to place
gùn verb to be multicoloured
ma-da noun land
verb to equal
dug4 verb to say
dug4 verb to say
ma-da noun land
MURUB4 noun MURUB
lú-kíj-gí4-á noun messenger
gi4 verb to return
ma-da noun land
dím-má noun reasoning
kúr verb to be different
bàd noun wall
verb to erect
cub verb to fall
verb to erect
ù conj and
tukul noun weapon
sàg verb to beat
gal-zu adj skilful
unken noun assembly
im-ri-a noun clan
gal verb to be big
ri verb to direct
dím-má noun reasoning
ma-da noun land
kúr verb to be different
na noun advice
de5 verb to collect
dug4 verb to say
ud noun day(light)
lú-kíj-gí4-á noun messenger
igi noun eye
gi4 verb to return
ejer noun back
lú-nánná noun Lu-Nanna
lú-én-kí noun Lu-Enki
énsí noun (city) ruler
ma-da noun land
zi-mu-dar noun Zimudar
lú-kíj-gí4-á noun messenger
gi4 verb to return
700 numeral 7200
érín noun group of people
gi4 verb to return
noun person
dusu noun earth-carrying basket
si verb to fill
noun person
tukul noun weapon
sàg verb to beat
tur verb to be small
tukum-bi conj if
lugal noun king
érín noun group of people
kíj noun work
ak verb to do
du8 verb to spread
dug4 verb to say
ù-cùb noun brick mould
tukul noun weapon
sàg verb to beat
noun person
gal verb to be big
ma-da noun land
noun person
gi4 verb to return
igi noun eye
jar verb to place
mè-èn-dè-èn pronoun we
iri noun town
èn-nù-ùj noun guard
ak verb to do
a-na-gin7 adv how
ugnim noun troops
cúm verb to give
lú-kíj-gí4-á noun messenger
gi4 verb to return
ud noun day(light)
lugal noun king
á noun arm
áj verb to measure
ud noun day(light)
ten verb to extinguish
ji6 noun night
kíj noun work
gi4 verb to return
ù conj and
tukul noun weapon
sàg verb to beat
mu noun name
inim noun word
lugal noun king
gub verb to stand
tukul noun weapon
de6 verb to carry
usu noun strength
jar verb to place
tukul noun weapon
gen6 verb to be firm
ud noun storm
kur noun (mountain) land
dul verb to cover (together)
lugal noun king
zu verb to know